Sunday, July 27, 2008

Done with my vacation

Hey everyone...I just got done with vacation in Lichinga visiting my best friends from training and relaxing...by house/partying 5 days in a row. I'm sorry it's been so long and this entry will be entirely too short but it's for a good reason! I've been working on the scholarship project, finally, along with some other things like arranging funding for the Catholic University here (i promise to write about this university, the story of it's beginning is very interesting and I was told in person from the priest who essentially manages the school). Other news is that my school just got 30 computers from the south african company that does natural gas mining nearby (same company that built the school, hospital, road, power generator) and so I am going to try to be the obvious candidate for IT teacher, in which case my PC service just got a lot more interesting AND important. I also have done some reading on Mozambican land law, which is something very interesting I hope to write about at some time.
I will insert my draft of the scholarships information to be disseminated to all PCVs at mid/service. Not to blow my own horn or anything, but to date the only thing other pcvs have been willing to do for this project is specutative brainstorming and discussion, so what you see below is the result of things I do when I'm not writing the blog.

General talking points

It is recommended that you encourage your students to seek educational opportunities in Mozambique rather than abroad. The reasoning for this recommendation is outlined below in the words of Conor Bohan, RPCV Haiti ’98 and founder of the Haitian Education and Leadership Program (HELP) which as of 2008 was Haiti's largest university scholarship program:

HELP only sponsors students at local universities and I would recommend anyone else think about doing the same for several reasons. My experience is that poor kids in poor countries are interested in leaving and sending them abroad at 18 makes it easier for them not to return. Secondly, education abroad is many times more expensive than local education, so there is much more bang for the buck when you keep kids close to home which means you can support more deserving kids. Additionally poor kids, being less sophisticated than wealthy ones, have a hard time adjusting to university life in their own country so the adjustments are often overwhelming abroad. Lastly, every country needs to develop its own university system and sending top students to local schools strengthens the local system.

That being said… If your student shows an intense desire to study abroad, as a counselor you will want to support your student in researching these possibilities, so we have addressed that in the ‘international scholarships’ below.

Provincial Scholarships

Scholarships in Mozambique are centrally funded and provincially managed. The Ministry of Higher Education, Science, and Technology allocates a certain number of vagas (vacancies) each year to the Direção de Educação of each province. These vacancies are usually earmarked for specific disciplines (e.g. 8 for Economics, 4 for Agriculture, 3 for Maths). Once the Provincial Gabinete de Bolsas de Estudo has this information, they advertise in newspapers and with palestras (a lecture style announcement made by local Direção de Educação) in the secondary schools. These advertisements outline the application process and also provide the data limite (deadline) for applications.

In order to apply, students must submit the following documentation:

· Proof of completion of grade 12

· Proof of acceptance into a Mozambican university

· Declaration of poverty (referral from the student’s Chefe do Bairro indicating financial need must be brought to the Conselho Municipal in order to have this document issued)

· Declaração historical: Similar to a cover letter, in which the student describes their education and work history. *CV not required

· Ficha de candidatura: This is an official form in which the student’s personal details are provided, along with grades and a report on the student’s behavior provided by the Direction of the school

The applications are evaluated by a committee (of about 10 people for Niassa) and the award winners (apurados) are selected. The evaluation of applications is done using a point system, with extra points being awarded for female candidates, disabled persons, younger candidates (under 20) and candidates from rural districts, a.k.a. the matu. ________________We need more info here on the rest of the criteria, are there merit-based points for good grades? How many? As you noticed, the point system encourages award to women and rural students who have historically been underrepresented in the HEIs.

These students who win the scholarship must sign a contract before receiving funds and renew the contract yearly. This contract specifies that the student must return to and work for the province which provided the scholarship for x number of years. In the case of breach of contract, the matter is brought to the tribunal (the courts).

There are plans to open a National Instituto de Bolsas de Estudo in or shortly after 2009. The Instituto will ___________ and will also As of 2008, the fundo provincial de bolsas de Nampula ran out of money and is waiting to receive more money from the Instituto when it opens.

List of existing Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and school costs

Because UEM is financed by the government and donors, tuition fees are greatly subsidized and represent only a small fraction of the cost of attending UEM. By contrast, the majority of the funding for Mozambique’s non-government funded HEIs are derived from student tuition fees, which makes them far more expensive to attend.

UP is traditionally an option for students who

From MESCT website?

History of HEI Reform and Scholarships in Mozambique

NISOME

This scholarship project was financed by the Netherlands and was praised by both the World Bank and the Global Partnership for its effectiveness. The World Bank modeled its pilot program after NISOME.

PROANI

This organization operated in Niassa province and was financed by either Ireland or England, providing approximately 40 scholarships per year over 10 years.

Caritas Moçambicana/Espanhola

This organization also provided some scholarships (in Nampula province?) but gave control of their scholarships over to the government.

World Bank pilot scholarship

In 2002, the World Bank allocated US $60 million toward an overhaul of Mozambique’s higher education system. The majority of its reform efforts were targeted at UEM, which had become outdated and inefficient after years of top-down management and financing, as well as a substantial amount of time spent free from competition from other HEIs.

The overhaul also included a pilot Provincial Scholarship program which was the impetus of the current system. $2 million were provided to 500 students for undergraduate scholarships for students in the provinces of Cabo Delgado, Gaza and Tete.

Global Partnership Fund

A collaborative effort of several foundations (Ford, Rockefellar, Carnegie, John and Catherine T. Macarthur Foundation), this consortium does research and also provides targeted grants to improve quality of and access to higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa.

International Scholarships

The majority of funding for study abroad is for post-graduate study rather than undergraduate study, which may complicate your student’s ability to find an appropriate funding source.

In Brazil and Portugal:

In English-speaking countries:

Rotary Ambassadorial Scholarships:

A place to get started on the internet:

From the website:

The International Education Financial Aid Website, www.IEFA.org , is the premier Internet resource listing financial aid information for students who wish to study in a foreign country. At this site you will find the most comprehensive listing of grants, scholarships, loan programs and other information to assist students in their quest to study abroad.

IEFA.org was created in January 1998. Since that time the site has developed a database of over 1,000 programs of financial aid for international education. Some resources are specific to the student's home country or field of study while others are more general.

As of July 2008, there were 220 scholarships listed in their database for the location ‘Unrestricted/Worldwide’ and 800 scholarships for all locations, including many scholarships to study in the U.S.

Fields include:

Award type (fellowship, internship, grant, loan, scholarship, tuition waiver)

Location of school or organization offering scholarship

Field of study (various)

Professional Development Scholarships

A common form of bolsas de estudo which you may hear about at site or be asked about by colleagues is awarded to a government employee in recognition of past achievement and a promising future. This could generally be considered as a promotion in which the funds for the scholarship are provided by the Instituto or branch of government which awarded it. This sort of scholarship is generally not relevant to our students.

Availability of Student Loans

Secondary School Scholarships

OVC and Acção Social

Distance Learning

Scholarships/Financial Aid at Catholic University

UCM was founded for the express purpose of addressing the structural injustice/imbalance of having the country’s only HEI located in Maputo, out of reach of the Central and North regions, thus guaranteeing that those qualified for positions in government would be predominantly from the south.

Most of the non-government funded HEIs have what is called a ‘zero semester’ to prepare entering students for the rigors of their study (this semester can be skipped if the entering student has good grades coming in). UCM dedicates a whole ‘propaedeutic year’ to the same purposes.

The non-governmental HEIs do not run their own

scholarship schemes. UCM is adamant that the provision of

scholarships should not be a function of the universities

themselves but of specific institutions set up for that purpose. (P. 91Case Study)

RE: the above quote, why does the UCM website advertise the newly created ‘UCM Foundation’ as a means to attract donor contributions. Case study says as of 2003 UCM was trying to start a student loan system with banks in Beira. Was that successful? How many students attending UCM get scholarships from their local parishes?

SCHOLARSHIPS FROM UEM

Historically there have been instances where “Because of poor communications and labyrinthine bureaucracy, many students from the north or centre who gain scholarships to UEM find out too late that they have won them. By that time they have been taken up by better informed candidates.” (Case Study, p.33)

From page 89 of the Case Study, we see that UEM has its own internal scholarship program with about 1000 spots awards are predominantly merit-based with some affirmative action. The Social Services Directorate (DSS) at UEM provides

assistance for students in the form of subsidized accommodation

and meals, mostly for scholarship recipients. how/when does one apply for a UEM scholarship and will they be displaced by the Instituto?

1 comment:

jessie said...

i visited your site n was good enough then othere site that i visited last month



study abroad