Saturday, January 17, 2009

Scholarship project / Bolsas de Estudo em Mocambique

Vou escrever em Portugues primeiro para o beneficio dos alunos de Mocambique os quais encontraram esta pagina na sua procura de informacoes sobre como procurar uma bolsa de estudo para continuar os seus estudos apos da escola secundaria. O documento esta em ingles, mais ate no Marzo vamos traduzir ao Portugues. desculpe, as tablas do documento nao sairam bem e havia de tirar...

Hey everyone,

So I managed to compile all of the information that I gathered during the last year in order to better inform high school students in Moz about scholarships for study after high school. I disseminated it during our mid-service conference to 60 colleagues who work all over the country and who will certainly be asked for help by the youth in their area (these kids know enough to ask Americans to help with the money for school since Americans have money).

Here it is, sorry I can't post it as a word document and the tables didn't show well in the blog so I had to take them out...

Advising your student: University study in Mozambique or abroad?
It is recommended that you encourage your students to seek educational opportunities in Mozambique rather than abroad. The rationale of this recommendation is outlined below by Conor Bohan, RPCV Haiti ’98 and founder of the Haitian Education and Leadership Program (HELP) which as of 2008 was Haiti's largest university scholarship program:

HELP only sponsors students at local universities and I would recommend anyone else think about doing the same for several reasons. My experience is that poor kids in poor countries are interested in leaving and sending them abroad at 18 makes it easier for them not to return. Secondly, education abroad is many times more expensive than local education, so there is much more bang for the buck when you keep kids close to home which means you can support more deserving kids. Additionally poor kids, being less sophisticated than wealthy ones, have a hard time adjusting to university life in their own country so the adjustments are often overwhelming abroad. Lastly, every country needs to develop its own university system and sending top students to local schools strengthens the local system.

That being said… If your student shows an intense desire to study abroad, as a counselor you will want to support your student in researching these possibilities, outlined in the ‘international scholarships’ below.
Acceptance at a university is a prerequisite for students applying for a government scholarship. Encourage your brightest student(s) to bater the entrance exam with an impressive score and try to use that score for leverage during the search for money. Both Universidade Eduardo Mundlane (UEM) and Universidade Catolica de Moçambique (UCM) have independent means to support students (see University-based scholarships, below), or perhaps a Mozambican philanthropist or local church will be impressed by the score. Go for it! Nothing in life is guaranteed (especially here), but your student won’t know until she/he tries.

The Instituto de Bolsas de Estudo
The following information was collected during a conversation in December of 2008 with Miguel Inácio, Director Geral Adjunto of the Instituto de Bolsas de Estudo (IBE) and a conversation with the Gabinete de Bolsas de Estudo of Niassa in June of 2008.
IBE was created in August of 2007 as part of the Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC). The first Conselho Nacional de Bolsas de Estudo was in April of 2008. During 2008, IBE had a budget of 100 million meticais, of which 80 million was to be given as scholarship money. IBE will provide scholarships for all Mozambican universities both public and private; however, fewer will be provided for private schools as they are more expensive (currently, Universidade Eduardo Mundlane (UEM) benefits from government subsidies which greatly reduce tuition fees).
Many provinces inherited their current scholarship programs from international donor scholarship projects (which usually targeted only one province). As of the close of 2008, the provinces of Inhambane, Manica, and Maputo still had not set up provincial scholarship offices, but the IBE has contacted the Direcção de Educação of each province to ask them to form a commission that will manage the scholarship program as of 2009 by establishing criteria for the selection of candidates and by reviewing candidates. Because evaluation criteria are decided at the provincial level, the extent to which the review committee will value your student’s past academic achievement will vary by province. The scholarship is not necessarily merit-based.

Government Scholarships are managed at the provincial level
Scholarships in Mozambique are centrally funded and provincially managed. The role of IBE is to perform oversight of provincial level implementation by establishing norms/guidelines, monitor provincial adherence to those guidelines, and assist the provinces through technical training. IBE allocates a certain number of vagas (vacancies) each year to its delegação or commisão in the Direcção de Educação of each province. The Province then earmarks these vacancies for specific disciplines (e.g. 8 for Economics, 4 for Agriculture, 3 for Maths). The Province allots vacancies based on its own foreseen labor needs (e.g. upon graduation, the scholarship winner is obliged to work for the provincial government for 5 years).
Once the vacancies are allotted, they are advertised in newspapers, on the radio, and with palestras (a lecture style announcement made by local Direcção de Educação) in the secondary schools. These advertisements outline the application process and also provide the data limite (deadline) for applications. The deadline is usually in or around the month of January/February; however, please note that the student must pass the University entrance exam before applying for the scholarship. According to Miguel of IBE, the entrance exam for UEM is administered locally after the Segunda Chamada (I don’t know how/when the student is told the results of the exam). Explore options for submitting the application locally through the Serviço de Educação, Juventude, e Tecnologia in order to avoid the trip to the provincial capitol.

In order to apply, students must submit the following documentation:
· Proof of completion of grade 12
· Proof of acceptance into a Mozambican university
· Declaration of poverty (referral from the student’s Chefe do Bairro indicating financial need must be brought to the Conselho Municipal in order to have this document issued)
· Declaração historical: Similar to a cover letter, in which the student describes their education and work history. *CV not required
· Ficha de candidatura: This is an official form in which the student’s personal details are provided, along with grades and a report on the student’s behavior provided by the Direction of the school
* Currently there is no application fee

The applications are evaluated by a committee in the Direcção Provincial. The review procedure for Niassa is as follows: a commission of about 10 people in chooses the scholarship winners (apurados). The evaluation of applications is done using a point system, with extra points being awarded for female candidates, disabled persons, younger candidates (under 20) and candidates from rural districts, a.k.a. the matu. The point system encourages awards to women and rural students because they have historically been underrepresented in the universities.
These students who win the scholarship must sign a contract before receiving funds and must renew the contract yearly. This contract specifies that the student must return to and work for the province which provided the scholarship for a few years. In the case of breach of contract, the matter is brought to the tribunal (the courts).

International Scholarships
As in the US, students must complete licenciatura before applying for post-graduate study. The majority of funding for study abroad is for post-graduate study (“mestrado” and “doutorado”), rather than undergraduate study (“licenciatura”). This makes sense because developed countries hope to court and absorb Mozambique’s best talent, creating the “brain drain.”
According to Miguel of IBE, the IBE has the role of liaison between embassies offering scholarships and the students who are applying. In other words, the IBE advertises the vacancies and is also responsible for collecting the applications which are then forwarded to the respective embassy. I am not sure whether IBE is responsible for selecting the candidates or simply forwards all applications. Miguel lamented that the embassies announce the scholarships with short deadlines which do not provide IBE with enough time to advertise, and said IBE is working with the embassies to fix this. Ideally the embassies would make their support more predictable by agreeing to provide scholarships for say 5 years, with x number of vacancies each year. Here is an example of an advertisement of two foreign scholarships as advertised on the IBE’s website (please note that applications must be submitted to IBE in Maputo).

O Ministério da Educação e Cultura – Instituto de Bolsas de Estudo, torna público que estão abertas candidaturas para (26) vinte e seis bolsas Bolsas de Estudo para licenciatura e Pós-Graduação, oferecidas pelo Governo da China, para o ano adémico 2008/2009, nas seguintes áreas:
• Agronomia e Veterinária; Medicina, Farmácia e Estomatologia;• Engenharia Civil, Química, Mecânica e Informática;• Arquitectura;• Economia, Gestão, Tecnologias de Informação e Sistemas de Informação;• Sociologia e Psicologia.
Requisitos para Licenciatura
a) Ser cidadão (a) Moçambicano (a) Solteiro (a);b) Possuir idade compreendida entre 17 e os 25 anos;c) Ter concluido a 12ª classe (ou equivalente) com a média mínima de 12 valores; d) Apresentar cópias autenticadas e homologadas dos certificados da 10ª 11ª e 12ª (esta última traduzido para o Inglês);
As Candidaturas deverão ser submetidas ao IBE, até dia 28 de Março de 2008.

5 scholarships for: Engenharia Mecânica, Engenharia Eléctrica e Electrónica, Engenharia Química e Engenharia Civil, Tecnologias de Informação e Sistemas de Informação, at the Licenciatura level. As candidaturas deverão ser submetidas ao IBE até ao dia 14 de Março de 2008

A place to look on the internet:
I did not do enough research here. A good place to start would be looking for scholarships for study in Portugal and Brasil.
I found the following during a five minute google search—I’m not endorsing it.

The International Education Financial Aid Website, www.IEFA.org , is the premier Internet resource listing financial aid information for students who wish to study in a foreign country. At this site you will find the most comprehensive listing of grants, scholarships, loan programs and other information to assist students in their quest to study abroad.
IEFA.org was created in January 1998. Since that time the site has developed a database of over 1,000 programs of financial aid for international education. Some resources are specific to the student's home country or field of study while others are more general.

As of July 2008, there were 220 scholarships listed in the IEFA database for the location ‘Unrestricted/Worldwide’ and 800 scholarships for all locations, including many scholarships to study in the U.S.
Search fields include:
Award type (fellowship, internship, grant, loan, scholarship, tuition waiver)
Location of school or organization offering scholarship
Field of study (various)

University-based scholarships at UCM and UEM
With the help of the UCM Foundation described on its website, UCM is able to provide financial assistance to some of its students on a case by case basis.
Because UEM is financed by the government and donors, tuition fees are greatly subsidized and represent only a small fraction of the cost of attending UEM. By contrast, the majority of the funding for Mozambique’s non-government funded universities are derived from student tuition fees, which makes them far more expensive to attend. This situation may change during the current structural reforms of UEM.
From page 89 of the Global Partnership Fund’s 2003 Case Study on Mozambique, we see that UEM has its own internal scholarship program with about 1000 spots awards are predominantly merit-based with some affirmative action. The Social Services Directorate (DSS) at UEM provides assistance for students in the form of subsidized accommodation and meals, mostly for scholarship recipients. It is rumored that UEM has a policy of reducing the overall financial aid package in correspondence to the number of classes failed or left incomplete during the previous school term. For example, a student who fails 50% of his classes will lose 50% of his financial aid.
Historically there have been instances where “Because of poor communications and labyrinthine bureaucracy, many students from the north or centre who gain scholarships to UEM find out too late that they have won them. By that time they have been taken up by better informed candidates.” (Case Study, p.33)

Universidade Católica de Moçambique (UCM)
www.ucm.ac.mz
Annual tuition fees (propina): 1,200USD, approximately 30,500mtn
When the Catholic Church hosted the 1992 peace talks and accord that ended the civil war, it promised to create a University in the Central and North regions for the express purpose of addressing the structural injustice/imbalance of having the country’s only university located in Maputo, out of reach of the Central and North regions, a situation which guaranteed that those people qualified for positions in government would be predominantly from the south. Following a 1995 government decree which allowed UCM to begin operations, UCM opened its University in Beira and has been rapidly expanding ever since (see chart below).
UCM does not have an entrance exam, anyone who can afford tuition can attend the university. Most of the non-government funded universities have what is called a ‘zero semester’ to prepare entering students for the rigors of their study (this semester can be skipped if the entering student has good grades coming in). UCM dedicates a whole ‘propaedeutic year’ to the same purposes.
The first step to applying is to sign up for classes during the período de inscrições. For the year 2009, sign-ups were from December 1, 2008 to January 9, 2009.
· Faculdade de Economia e Gestão, Beira (1996) – also Economics, IT, GIS (Urban Planning)
· Faculdade de Direito, Nampula (1996) – also Business Administration
· Faculdade de Educação e Comunicação, Nampula (1998) – also Social Work
· Faculdade de Agricultura, Cuamba (1999)
· Faculdade de Medicina, Beira (2000) – also Medicine, Nursing, Social Work
· Faculdade de Turismo e Informátic, Pemba (2002) – also IT and Tourism
· Centro de Ensino à Distância, Beira (2003)
· Faculdade de Economia e Gestão, Delegação Chimoio (2005)
· Faculdade de Economia e Gestão, Delegação Tete (2008) – also Accounting and IT

Universidade Eduardo Mondlane (UEM)
www.uem.mz
The following information is from the Edital (course catalog) published by UEM for the 2009 schoolyear, allegedly available on the web at http://admissao.uem.mz/docs/Edital_UEM2009.pdf. The UEM campus is in Maputo city. You must pass the entrance exam to enroll. You must pay a 250mtn fee for each discipline whose entrance exam you want to take (300mtn if for night school). The entrance exam can be done on a Saturday during the 1st epoca (15, 22, 29 of Novemer, 2008) and 2nd epoca (1-6 of December, 2008) at the following sites.

Maputo: Campus Universitário Principal da UEM; Faculdade de Engenharias da UEM, Cidade de Maputo.
Gaza: Escola Pré-Universitária Joaquim Alberto Chissano – Cidade de Xai-xai
Inhambane: Escola Superior de Hotelaria e Turismo –Cidade de Inhambane, Escola Superior de Desenvolvimento Rural – Vilanculos
Sofala: Delegação da Faculdade de Direito – Cidade de Beira
Manica: Escola Pré-Universitária Samora Moisés Machel – Cidade de Chimoio
Tete: Escola Secundária de Tete – Cidade de Tete
Zambézia: Escola Secundária 25 de Setembro – Cidade de Quelimane
Nampula: Escola Secundária de Nampula – Cidade de Nampula
Cabo Delgado: Escola Secundária de Pemba – Cidade de Pemba
Niassa: Escola Secundária Paulo Samuel Kankhomba – Cidade de Lichinga

At least two weeks before exams begin, the list of candidates and test-room assignments will be posted at the same location of inscription (with the exception of Maputo, where the list will be posted at Escritorios da Comissão de Exames de Admissão, sita no edificio do Centro de Informática da UEM – Rés-do-chão, Campus Universitário Principal).
The results of the exam will be are supposed to be posted on the web at www.admissao.uem.mz but will also be posted at the sites listed above (with the exception of Maputo, where the results will be at Campus Universitário Principal da UEM, Escola Secundária Josina Machel do cidade de Maputo). There is no mention of when the results will be posted! If the results are posted too late, how will your student meet the proof of acceptance requirement for the provincial scholarship? Good luck.
The part of the Edital that discusses UEM scholarships was conveniently not available at the time of research.
For details on courses offered, please see the annexed statistics.

Universidade Pedagógico (UP)
Universidade Pedagógico is traditionally an option for students who want to continue their education but lack resources to attend one of the more prestigious 5-year universities.

Professional Development Scholarships
A common form of bolsas de estudo which you may hear about or be asked about by colleagues is awarded to a government employee in recognition of past achievement and a promising future. This could generally be considered as a promotion in which the funds for the scholarship are provided by the Instituto or branch of government which awarded it. This sort of scholarship is generally not relevant to our students.

Availability of Student Loans?
UCM tried to make arrangements with banks in Beira to benefit their students, but as far as I know this was not fruitful. The World Bank considered a students loan scheme in 2002 but rejected the idea as infeasible, preferring scholarships. Banks prefer secured loans so picture the following: parents with house, mortage on house, money for school. Probably not an option for our students.

Secondary School Scholarships
Although not officially considered scholarships, state aid is theoretically available for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) and Acção Social is the program which allows students without resources to enroll without paying matricula and go to school without an expensive uniform. Do you really expect the state to pay room and board costs for high school students?

Distance Learning
UCM is actively pursuing this method. Courses offered include history, geography, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, portuguese, and visual education. The courses last for 4 years for the bachelor’s degree and 5 for licenciatura (4 years of distance learning plus one full year on campus). Each academic year includes 4 mandatory “special presence” class sessions which take place over the weekends (never more than 4 days) where the student must travel to one of the cities as shown below.

UEM has a new program for distance learning but as of January 2009 the only course being offered was Gestão de Negocios (a 3 year course) and the courses are web-based and therefore require that the student have consistent internet access. 500 vagas in the 2009 course.

History of Scholarships and HEI Reform in Mozambique
NISOME
This scholarship project was financed by the Netherlands and was praised by both the World Bank and the Global Partnership for its effectiveness. The World Bank modeled its pilot program after NISOME.
PROANI
This organization operated in Niassa province and was financed by either Ireland or England, providing approximately 40 scholarships per year over 10 years.
Caritas Moçambicana/Espanhola
This organization also provided some scholarships (in Nampula province?) but gave control of their scholarships over to the government.
World Bank pilot scholarship
In 2002, the World Bank allocated US $60 million toward an overhaul of Mozambique’s higher education system. The majority of its reform efforts were targeted at UEM, which had become outdated and inefficient after years of top-down management and financing, as well as a substantial amount of time spent free from competition from other HEIs.
The overhaul also included a pilot Provincial Scholarship program which was the prototype of the current IBE system. $2 million were provided to 500 students for undergraduate scholarships for students in the provinces of Cabo Delgado, Gaza and Tete. World Bank project appraisal document of the Higher Education Project for Mozambique can be viewed at
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000094946_02021604022924
Global Partnership Fund
A collaborative effort of several foundations (Ford, Rockefellar, Carnegie, John and Catherine T. Macarthur Foundation), this consortium does research and also provides targeted grants to improve quality of and access to higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa. Their 2003 case study on Mozambique can be downloaded at:
http://www.foundation-partnership.org/pubs/mozambique/

Further reading
www.mec.gov.mz (has link to IBE)
www.portaldogoverno.gov.mz

Instituto de Bolsas de Estudo
Martires de Machava 231 (close to Hotel Africa II)
Tel.: 21 48 88 25 or 21 48 88 26

Thanks for your interest and please if you find information to make this guide better get in touch with one of us!

Greg Harris (Moz 12)
Dan Milroy (Moz 12)

1 comment:

ahmed said...

I have gone through this blog. I found it very interesting and helpful. Nowadays I am completing my online degree course from home.
So this blog really doing great for me.


Bachelor's Degree